## Limitation of rate of return approach

The approach implies that if the rate of return is low, expenditure on education should be curtailed. However, in reality, it is difficult to apply this approach to education due to problems associated with measuring rate of returns in education. Rate of Return: A rate of return is the gain or loss on an investment over a specified time period, expressed as a percentage of the investment’s cost. Gains on investments are defined as income In terms of decision making, if the ARR is equal to or greater than the required rate of return Hurdle Rate Definition A hurdle rate, which is also known as minimum acceptable rate of return (MARR), is the minimum required rate of return or target rate that investors are expecting to receive on an investment. The internal rate of return, or IRR, is the interest rate where the net present value of all cash flows from a project or an investment equal zero. IRR involves positive and negative cash flows. It is used to evaluate how attractive a specific investment or project happens to be. A limitation of the internal rate of return method is that it: Measures results in years. Measures net income rather than cash flows. Lacks ability to compare dissimilar projects. Ignores varying risks over the life of a project. Does not consider the time value of money. IRR can be 25.48%, -593.16% or -132.32%. To calculate the MIRR, we will assume a finance rate of 10% and a reinvestment rate of 12%. First, we calculate the present value of the negative cash flows (discounted at the finance rate): PV (negative cash flows, finance rate) = -1000 – 4000 * (1+10%) -1 = -4636.36. The disadvantages of Internal Rate of Return are listed below. 1. This method assumed that the earnings are reinvested at the internal rate of return for the remaining life of the project. If the average rate of return earned by the firm is not close to the internal rate of return, the profitability of the project is not justifiable. 2.

## (6) It takes into consideration investment and the total earnings from the project during its life time. Demerits or Disadvantages of Rate of Return Method. De- merits

The key advantage of ARR is that it is easy to compute and understand. The main disadvantage of ARR is that it disregards the time factor in terms of time value Advantages of Accounting Rate of Return Method (ARR Method) and its disadvantages or limitations in evaluating capital capital expenditure are explained in (6) It takes into consideration investment and the total earnings from the project during its life time. Demerits or Disadvantages of Rate of Return Method. De- merits The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Internal Rate of Return Method. by Philippe Lanctot; Reviewed by Jayne Thompson, LLB, LLM; Updated March 01,

### The internal rate of return, or IRR, is the interest rate where the net present value of all cash flows from a project or an investment equal zero. IRR involves positive and negative cash flows. It is used to evaluate how attractive a specific investment or project happens to be.

Tempted by a project with a high internal rate of return? Better check those interim cash flows again. This discount rate can then be thought of as the forecast return for the project. the advantages and disadvantages of the IRR method of project appraisal. PDF | This paper shows that the Internal-Rate-of-Return (IRR) approach is unreliable, and that the recently introduced Average-Internal-Rate-of-Return | Find Advantages and Disadvantages of NPV This method entirely depends on estimated cash flows as it is a discount rate that tries to make NPV between two projects, then accept the project if the IRR is greater than the required rate of return. more adequate approach to assess the firm value. Key words: valuation, discounting, cash flows, rate of return, residual value, market value. JEL classification: Net present value vs internal rate of return The advantages and disadvantages of the payback method as a technique for initial screening of two or more 13 Oct 2017 Accounting Rate of Return Method is sub-divided into many others like ARR or Average Rate of Return Method, Earning per unit, average

### The internal rate of return, or IRR, is the interest rate where the net present value of all cash flows from a project or an investment equal zero. IRR involves positive and negative cash flows. It is used to evaluate how attractive a specific investment or project happens to be.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Accounting Rate Of Return (ARR) Advantages Of Accounting Rate Of Return (ARR) 1. ARR is based on accounting information, therefore, other special reports are not required for determining ARR. 2. ARR method is easy to calculate and simple to understand. Like net present value method, internal rate of return (IRR) method also takes into account the time value of money. It analyzes an investment project by comparing the internal rate of return to the minimum required rate of return of the company. The internal rate of return sometime known as yield on project is the rate at […]

## IRR can be 25.48%, -593.16% or -132.32%. To calculate the MIRR, we will assume a finance rate of 10% and a reinvestment rate of 12%. First, we calculate the present value of the negative cash flows (discounted at the finance rate): PV (negative cash flows, finance rate) = -1000 – 4000 * (1+10%) -1 = -4636.36.

determine that what rate of return an investor is taking on a project. But IRR's disadvantage is that it doesn't consider the reinvestment plan as of NPV NPV method is preferable for project appraisal when; investor has shortage of funds. 14We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these different approaches in Section III.C. Broadly speaking, the balance sheet approach can be imprecise

Internal Rate of Return. Advantages. Disadvantages. 1. Tells whether an investment increases the firm's value. 2. Considers all cash flows of the project. 3. In addition, the rates of return on borrowed capital from banks change from time to time due to changes in the rate of interest. This also limits companies that may calculator to find payback period, discounted payback period, and average return of either steady or irregular cash flows, or to learn more about payback period, discount rate, Discounted cash flow (DCF) is a valuation method commonly used to on a net present value (NPV) of the cash flow, accounts for this limitation. The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is most commonly used in PFI Contracts as a measure of the rate of return expected to be earned by private sector capital in the project, and is thus The Authority should ensure that this approach is followed throughout the Contract and in the consistently, and its limitations recognised. But the IRR method does not consider the Required Rate of Return while examining the results which gives this method a cover of any risk of wrong interpretations